For patients with gum disease, it can be difficult to focus on anything else. Every time that you brush your teeth, you may see blood. It can get so bad that you are concerned about smiling, or you can become very aware that no matter what you do, your breath doesn’t smell good.
There are some gum treatment options that you can try before you even need to consider surgical options. Most cases of gum disease can be cleared up with one of these techniques, but it is always best to consult with your dentist to identify which approach is best for you.
During your regular cleaning, your dental hygienist will give you a standard professional cleaning. This cleaning can remove the tartar and plaque from the surface of your teeth. Plaque is simply tartar that has been left on the teeth and hardened. Plaque can only be removed in professional cleaning. While professional cleanings are not an actual treatment once gum disease has been established, they can help to stop gum disease from happening, or progressing more rapidly.
Root Planing and Scaling
This procedure is also called deep cleaning. This process is used with a local anesthetic but is not considered a surgery. The process removes plaque and tartar from both above and below the gum line. First, the buildup is removed from a rough scrape (scaling), and then the rough spots on the root of the tooth are planed to make them smooth again. The smoothing process helps to remove bacteria and ensures that the roots are clean so the gums can reattach to the teeth.
If scaling and planing fail to get rid of gum disease, then you may need to step up your dental plan and look into surgical options.
Pocket or flap reduction surgery
This approach helps to push the gums back into their proper location and clean and close off the areas that bacteria can hide.
In some cases, periodontal disease can be so advanced that it causes bone loss. In these cases, bone grafts can help restore the lost bone. Bone grafts can utilize synthetic, donor, or even your own bone in order to replace damaged and lost bone material. Restoring the volume of bone can help to restore healthy bone structure and stability to the teeth.
Soft Tissue Grafts
Sometimes the gum tissue itself needs to be regrown. In these cases, soft tissue grafts work well to help restore damaged and lost tissue caused by periodontal disease. Typically, this tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and sutured into the areas where it is needed.
There are some instances where the pitting caused by bone loss. In these instances, the shallow craters are smoothed. After flap surgery, the bone around the cratering is reshaped to decrease the craters. This surgery makes it more difficult for bacteria to attach and grow.
Gum disease that affects the gums and teeth is a common occurrence. Many patients will find that deep cleaning is all that they need in order to repair the condition and get back on track for great oral health.
Unfortunately, many people feel that once the periodontal disease has started, they can’t correct the issue and they give up. Don’t make that mistake, call our offices today to schedule an appointment. We understand how you feel and can help ensure that you get your dental health in top condition.